Cultural Notes – Fuchsias
|Fuchsias – magnificent, unique, very versatile and easy to grow. Just a little care will give you great results. They are excellent in the garden, pots or hanging baskets. And will give you years of bright vibrant colours in your garden or patio.Fuchsias can be grown in all parts of the eastern and southern parts of Australia and areas of Qld, SA & WA.
|CULTIVATION: All Hydrangeas like deep, fertile, well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade, they will require plenty of water in warm, dry weather.|
|PLANTING: After purchasing your plant, don’t let the roots dry out and be sure to give it a good soaking the day before you intend to plant. This will ensure that the soil does not fall away from the roots at planting time.Dig a hole twice as deep and wide as the size of the container in a well drained position. Use a premium quality potting mix with blood and bone and plant carefully into the hole. When you are planting a Fuchsia do notplant any deeper than the soil level of the previous container. If planted too deep the stem can rot and it will die. Tease roots gently below and around the plant then press into the new soil (excluding all air pockets) water in well and keep moist, so that it can establish itself in its new position. Particular attention should be given to watering during the first few months and through summer while the plant is becoming established.
Height: 1 metre* Width: 1 metres**Depends on variety and growing conditions.
|WATERING: In summer, plants must be kept moist at all times, particularly baskets. Established fuchsias in the garden won’t need as much care. Watch containerised fuchsias carefully, they may need daily or twice daily watering in summer. You may let plants dry a little in their dormancy during mid-winter – but do not allow your fuchsias to grow in conditions that become dry or are exposed to strong winds. If plants wilt in the heat you may find that spraying the foliage with water or Envy will help them lift. Adding water saving granules to the mix will reduce water consumption.|
|MULCHING: Mulch is recommended to aid water retention. A layer of mulch should be spread over the soil when planting and in spring as an aid in keeping the roots cool during the hot weather. Keep this a few centimetres from the trunk to prevent any problems with collar rot.|
|FEEDING: As fuchsias grow and flower over most over the summer months it is best to provide fertiliser at this time. Osmocote slow release , or nutricote is best applied in early spring and again in summer (at pruning is also ideal), where the fuchsias are plant out in the ground. For better results liquid fertiliser and blood and bone can be applied at regular intervals too.|
|PRUNING: Fuchsias will only flower on new wood, and in order to achieve this situation it is essential to prune all plants quite hard each year. Late July to August, when the chance of frost is over, is the best time to prune. In the coastal districts of NSW/Qld pruning can be done as early as May. You should reduce the plant by at least two-thirds to get rid of all the previous season’s flower-producing wood as well as any old, ragged, dead or twiggy stems. As a general guide, cut back to approximately two nodes from the main structure. Prune back quite severely on all sides to produce stubby well-rounded plants, with a good network of branch structure facing out- wards in a circular profile. At least that’s the ideal for baskets and standards. Some bush plants grown against a wall or fence may need structural pruning in the most aesthetically desirable direction rather than a circular profile. During the growing period your plants make rapid lateral growth. To keep a neat compact form it is necessary to ‘pinch out’ or ‘tip control’ the laterals. By removing the growing tip on each lateral, these growths will develop extra branches and flowers! and shape the plant. You might curtail your early flowers, but on later you will be rewarded with a wonderful display with more flowers on a bushier shrub.Each time you pinch out you double the flowers per branch!|
|PESTS/DISEASES: There are invariably a few pests to watch out for. If your fuchsia is suffering from an attack by some insect, phone us at Brenlissa Fuchsias for advice on how to control or eradicate the pest. This is better than the trialand error, expensive method of buying and trying various insecticides which may or may not be suitable. Some pests known to fuchsias are: Red Spider mite, White Fly, Thrips and caterpillars.